Reasons Why PCB Assembly Prefers Surface-Mount Technology

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For many years, the technology behind a printed circuit board (PCB) has constantly improved to become more efficient and smaller. PCBs have become an important part of a wide range of machineries, computing devices, automobiles, appliances, and other electronic gadgets. Moreover, PCBs have a great impact on new inventions and technologies in the electronics industry worldwide. At present, the most well-known PCB assembly method is surface-mount technology (SMT). This is a huge development over the older assembly method of through-hole. Surface-mounting is now considered as the highest standard in printed circuit board assembly.

Definition of Through-Hole and Surface-Mount Technologies

PCB AssemblyThrough-hole assembly method uses various components that have lead wires, which are attached to the PCB through holes. The lead wires depend of holes in a multi-layered board.

On the other hand, because of the demand for smaller-sized and lighter components, SMT was developed. This technology uses wires that are connected directly on the board surface instead of using hole-mounting.

Differences between Surface-Mount and Through-Hole Technologies

Here are some of the major things that differentiate SMT from through-hole PCB assembly:

• The most common problem in through-hole construction is spacing issues. SMT has substantially helped in solving this.

• Compared to other PCB technologies, the pin count has significantly increased in SMT.

• The components in SMT are mostly not made up of lead and are attached directly into the surface of the PCB. Through-hole components use lead wires that are connected to the wiring boards through holes.

• The through-hole components are bigger whereas SMT components are smaller. SMT can mount components on both sides of the board if necessary, so this can cause higher packing density.

• Because of its smaller size, SMT has faster circuit speed.

• The technology used in using SMT is very advanced.

Surface-Mount Technology has replaced other methods of PCB assembly. Apart from the aforementioned differences between surface-mount and through-hole technologies, here are some of the other reasons why SMT is more preferred these days:

1. Time Efficiency

Before the use of SMT, through-hole construction and the much older point-to-point construction were used, but these methods take up a lot of time since the pads would have to be attached to the frame of the board. The older methods also involve connecting wires and this does not only take longer time, but also alter the way energy is conducted across the printed circuit board. SMT resolves these issues by connecting components to the board surface rather than through-hole connection outlets. This simple advancement allows the printed circuit boards to be constructed through automation, which is really time efficient.

2. Reduces Assembly Expenses

Conventional assembly methods take longer time to produce than SMT. Therefore, the older assembly methods were much more expensive than using SMT. However, because of automation and the capacity to program the construction of a range of low-quantity printed circuit boards at the same time, SMT construction lowers down the expenses of production. Clients who are worried about the expenses must always make sure the assembly service uses automated SMT.

3. Improved Usability

Printed circuit boards that are designed for SMT construction use smaller components compared to older assembly methods. This will cause the whole PCB to be more polished and compact as well as have greater energy efficiency. These advancements make modern-day printed circuit boards to be utilized in a wider range of equipment such as smart phones, laptop and handheld computers, or devices that need a compact and flat PCB. Because of that, PCBs that use SMT have been widely accepted by various groups from Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) designers to electrical design engineers.

While SMT is more commonly used in PCB assembly, through-hole technology is still existent in prototype applications and testing that might require manual replacements and changes.

Attaching the components to a printed circuit board would merely require the schematic diagram.

April 10, 2015

Healthy Moves With HCG

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There is information overload going on right now online. You are going to find that there are so many different pieces that come together in regards to chasing just about any information that you’d like. This is illustrated with the many confusing concepts that come through with the world of fitness, health, and wellness. There are so many options that abound in this arena that you may be left out cold. You will find that the options that are within the many arenas here are going to definitely be tough to really understand, and you’re going to find that the “right” thing for you, may not be listed within the top of search results. Things get really difficult to manage when it comes to hcg, and supplements as well, which is why you should take a few tips with you in regards to narrowing down the search of what options to choose from. If you want more details about the supplements then Click Here.

Look For Ingredients

HCG dropsThe first thing that you should look at when pursuing supplements like hcg, is the ingredient list. Look to see what is put together for your use. You have to make sure that you are using the right things here, and look into ingredients that are going to push your limits, and not just add placebo. A lot of companies are putting together framework that is not exactly good for anyone, because they use fillers, and other properties. When buying any form of supplement, make sure that it’s 100% natural, and is not full of different elements at all. Instead, look for ingredients that are going to allow you to pursue the right element, and get the results that you need most of all.

Consider the ingredients and any other options that you are going to take. If you find that hcg comes in the form of drops, then you know that it can help you with absorption. If it’s in a pill form, consider if it’s a gel cap or something else. You want to be able to absorb as much of it as you can, in order to get the results that you need overall.

Consider Reviews

When in doubt, look for reviews that you can get manifest. It’s absolutely crucial that you look at the reviews that are in place when you are looking for any type of supplement for weight loss. If you don’t see anyone talking about what you want to purchase and take, dig deeper. You’ll find that there has to be someone talking about this, so that you can make a wise move and end up with a positive result overall. Without reviews, you will be blindly testing out options that are not going to be good overall.

With the rise of the information age, there are soap boxes everywhere, and you will not find that this notion is difficult to manage at all. It’s something that is absolutely grand, and will help you make the right moves going forward. As long as you find good reviews, you’ll be safe within the world of supplements.

Don’t Give Up On Diet and Exercise

Another thing that you need to consider is diet and exercise. This is something that is going to help you gain a lot of leverage in your chase moving forward. You’ll want to figure out whether or not this will present itself in the appropriate manner or not. Cycle through various options and figure out which one is going to stick for your needs. You don’t have to make this a complicated endeavor, as long as you’re using hcg supplements, you will end up with results that are going to be accelerated with the balance of these two additional pillars.

February 23, 2015

Introduction to Lanyards

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Lanyards may look like an ordinary lace for you, but you might get surprised of its various applications. It is a cord or strap that can be made out of looped strings or laces. It is usually worn around the neck, wrist or shoulder to carry or hold a certain item. During the early times, they are commonly used by naval officers to carry their pistons to avoid losing them. Nowadays, they are now used as a decorative item and a profitable product, too.

The designs that are imprinted on the lanyards are based on its intended use. Here are some of its common applications:

• Used as gadget accessory

To prevent items such as USB flash drives, MP3 players, and digital cameras from dropping or from being lost, a lanyard is used to carry them.

• Used as ID badge holder

Though you can use ID clips, they may unclip themselves from your clothing. With lanyards, you can hang them in your neck and make other people identify you much easier. They can be customized according to the establishment’s logo and name.

• Used as accessories for uniforms

There are times that are certain types of lanyard that are being used as part of the uniform such as what some armed forces group have done.

• Used as part of safety gears

Lanyards made out of strong and durable material are used as safety straps for construction and heavy-duty purposes. This is to secure workers and prevent them from falling.

lanyardsOther than these, these custom cords can be also used for outdoor activities like jogging, hiking, or camping to help you carry your things. Also, they are used as a form of self-expression by making them as souvenir items by different awareness movements. Many companies are also using these custom made laces as giveaways to promote their products and services. For personal uses, this type of artwork is used as bracelets and other fashion ornament. Indeed, possibilities are endless with this craft.

Various types of materials are can be used to produce a lanyard. You can use cotton, polyester, cord or nylon. There are different media available to produce your design for your lanyard. You can use hot stamp, silk screen print or dye sublimation. With hot stamp, heat and pressure is used to transfer the design into the cord. This is commonly used for metal tags. Silk screen printing is considered to be with the highest quality. To use this, screen is laid on top of the material and then with a cloth or sponge, the ink is applied through the screen to make the design. Lastly, dye sublimation is used if you want your lanyard to be multicolored. There are lanyards that are made out of lace or beads. A beaded lanyard is usually preferred by female clients for fashion purposes.

You can also use different attachment for your lanyard. Hooks and rings are used as attachments to carry different items. O-ring is most commonly used for whistles and keys. Snap hooks are used for ID badges, and bulldog clips are used if you want a durable holder.

Being in demand, most people have seen much potential with lanyards. They are a great source of income. They put up business in custom lanyard making and it is seen to be profitable as these are widely used by schools, business firms, government offices, and other establishments.

Lanyards are very easy to make and inexpensive. As this industry gets bigger and bigger, many have seen good opportunities with this craft. With others, they see this as a craft that everyone will enjoy doing.

February 4, 2015

Too Much Work Engagement: Is It That Bad?

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Work engagement can make or break an organization. Most of the growing companies use an employee engagement survey to determine how tied up their employees are to them. They use the results to improve work conditions and solve problems that may be holding the employees back from work engagement. Most commonly, the problems are issues of employees’ hardship towards getting into engagement with work. These create a huge impact in their performance, professionalism, and the organization itself. Most employees suffer from disengagement. There are a few who, although very engaged with work, are too engaged that it translates to a negative effect and gives rise to a feeling of being too engaged with work but not with the company.

The saying that “too much of everything is bad” also applies to work organizations. Less work engagement is bad, but too much of it is worse. The feeling of too much commitment can result to unprofessionalism. An organization may be a second home, the members may feel like family, but with a strong feeling of belongingness could affect sound decision making adversely. The results of an employee engagement survey will show how close an employee is to the organization. From there, a leader can immediately point to the arising problems and adjust some of the managing techniques and control issues.

Employee engagement surveyEmployees can perform their tasks satisfactorily without too much work engagement. In fact, because of lack of engagement, they become very professional. Rejections are not taken personally.They work at their best because they are not that relaxed. There are good and bad sides of work engagement

If an employee is too attached to his/her work, the tendency is to work with emotion rather than to work with focus. Emotions can give energy and determination to the group. But emotions change, and when it changes, performance will be affected because the employee’s actions will be driven by how he feels. The sense of belongingness will result to an emotional tie that will affect how everyone thinks. The closeness will bind the group, but these feelings of closeness might become difficult for new employees to break into.

Results of employee engagement survey initiatives also show the reasons why some fresh starters are taking a very slow pace in finding comfort within the company. One of these causes is often the feeling of being out of place. When the group is tied together with too much emotion, they can possibly take negatively towards those new starters who are still on the process of adjusting.

There are successful companies with employees that have very good work engagement. This unifies the group and makes them think as one. In this scenario, however, the uniqueness of each individual employee could get lost. In such a case, some employees might become passive when it comes to decision making. They stop thinking out of the box, and tend to lose their stand as an individual. They focus in the internal organization, and lose focus on the external threats that make the team weak in terms of competence.

Because of the studies that show many connections of work and emotion, there is an employee engagement survey recommended that aims to focus on measuring the emotion of the employee rather than his/her performance. Emotions are sources of energy that makes an employee capable of performing, but emotions can also drag the organization down when they swing back and forth. Work engagement makes an employee more committed and increases his self-worth. Such, however, should be kept in moderation.

Regardless of results, an employee engagement survey is a good tool for companies to use not only to improve relationships within the organization but also to make adjustments in the business process and activities in order to foster a more productive and satisfying work environment.

February 3, 2015

Hiring the perfect keynote speaker

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You want to hire a keynote speaker for your organization or company, but you are still quite unsure as to how you can find the right one. Good news: there are several excellent and professional keynote speakers out there that you can choose from. Bad news: it is hard to choose from them because, again, there are just too many of them.

motivational-speaker-success.comBy default, professional keynote speakers are highly competitive with each other. One will always claim that he or she is the best option, and this can sometimes be crucial to your decision-making. However, this does not necessarily mean that they aren’t really the best resort; it only means that you have to choose the one that will totally fit your needs.

With that said, here are some tips that can help you pick the best keynote speaker for you!

• Identify first the date as well as the location in which you would want to have your event. This will sort of help you cut down the list of possible keynote speakers for the said event. Of course, if a keynote speaker isn’t available on that schedule, it only means you will not have to choose that person.

• Consider your budget. Since you will have to pay for the speaker, you have to choose the one that you can actually afford. You will also have to consider the cost of the speaker’s travel, so it is better if you would hire a speaker whose location is relatively closer to yours.

• Think about why you actually need a keynote speaker. Most organizations hire a speaker because they want them to motivate, educate, initiate a change, promote the organization or the company, raise the funds, entertain, and many more. Identifying your purpose for hiring a keynoter will help you also identify what type of speaker you will most likely hire, which in turn narrows down your list. For instance, if you need a speaker because you want your organization to be promoted, you will then hire a speaker whose expertise include promotion. The speaker has to be engaging enough to catch the people’s attention.

• You will also need to do some research about some of the potential speakers you have in mind. Look for their professional background and find out whether that they have already been successful in the past. You are looking for the best speaker, after all.

• Ask for references from your friends or colleagues, most especially if this is your first time to look for a keynote speaker. You can use your networks to be directed to one that you are looking for. If you know someone who has already worked with keynote speakers, you can probably ask him or her to recommend one for you. Likewise, you can also consult the internet regarding this. BigSpeak (www.bigspeak.com) can help you locate speakers. Be careful when you are looking online, though, because you will most likely encounter fake ones out there.

• You will also have to think through the demographic characteristics of your audience, for this will also have an impact on what type of speaker is the best for you. Do you want a speaker who will most likely appeal to the general audience, or do you need someone who will only appeal to a specific audience segment (e.g. a group of women)? If you think that this particular speaker won’t seem appropriate for your audience, then it is best for you to not choose that speaker.

• You also need to come up with the decision makers for your program who will plan out the program. Make sure that the vision and plans that the decision makers have are in line with the speaker that you choose.

January 28, 2015

The Different Types of Challenge Coins

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What is a challenge coin? It is a coin used as a token of identity among the military units to signify allegiance to a particular unit. The challenge coin has unique designs specific of the unit’s motto, insignia or symbol. It was originally given by the combat or unit’s officers to their members to show appreciation also for the soldiers’ exemplary performance during a battle.

So originally, challenge coins were distributed among military servicemen only. Later on however, the United States Air Force has the “Bull Dog Challenge” coins given to the enlisted gunners upon their graduation. It was exclusive for B-52 air force men only. It represented strength and courage among the members.

Challenge coinsToday, there are many types of challenge coins being created and distributed. It has moved outside the perimeters and confines of the military too. There are now many coins existing, available to the public either for sale or as a gift. Here are some samples of the different types of challenge coin outside the military.

As a sign of exclusivity, the Harley Owners Group (H.O.G.) created and sold specially designed Harley Davidson coins to owners of the said motorcycles only. They believed and proclaimed that Harley Davidson owners and users have a special bond and pride of being owners the same way that the military shared a bond when they served the country. They also instructed the owners to either carry the challenge coin in their person at all times or display it on their bikes. The logo was stamped on one side and the words “The Official Riding Club of Harley-Davidson” is written on the other side. The coins were made from solid brass alloy with an antique finish. The challenge coins were sold for $12 a piece.

On the other hand, the Utah Symphony and Opera was the first to distribute challenge coin among its staff and musicians in the early 2000’s. Though there were no stated reasons why, it was assumed that it was distributed as a token of appreciation for being a part of the opera.

Some of the coins were created to be given as gifts and tokens of appreciation. One example was when film director Jon Favreau gave especially designed Iron Man coins to the United States Air Force personnel for their participation during the filming of the movie Iron Man 2. By the way, the movie became a top grosser.

The National Association of Buffalo Soldiers and Troopers Motorcycle Club” also distributed a specially made challenge coin. The coin was 1.75 inches in diameter. It was made of solid brass with an antique finish. The logo was stamped on the front side of the coin while at the back, their motto “We Can, We Will” and “Ready Forward” were stamped. The coin is usually awarded by the Chapter president or a national officer to a member who has shown a noteworthy achievement. It has become a token of recognition. This challenge coin is given only to the member who earned it. Therefore, it modified the original version where all the members usually receive a challenge coin from the commanding leader of the particular unit they belonged to.

On 2009, the worst mass murder took place on a military base at Fort Hood, Texas. Thirteen soldiers died and thirty more were reported to be severely injured in a shooting, which was later categorized as a workplace violence. As a token of honor for the brave soldiers who were killed during the Fort Hood shooting, President Barak Obama placed special challenge coins on the memorials of these soldiers.

The creation and distribution of challenge coins are also gaining popularity among the different organizations and departments such as the police, fire, fraternity, clubs and other special groups for various reasons. It can be for sentimental reasons or personal reasons only. The challenge coin is definitely here to stay although the reasons and types have evolved throughout the generations.

January 27, 2015

An Overview of Lanyards

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A lanyard is typically a strip of woven cloth joined at the ends with either a looped end or an attached hook, enabling a person to attach things unto it. Lanyardsare said to be first used around the fifteenth century when the French soldiers used these to connect the necessary apparatus for their missions, such as a small flashlight, a whistle and even a small gun. Thinking it through, these things mentioned can actually be carried around by just putting them in pockets, even by the use of a vest, which is typically worn by soldiers. But, soldiers mainly chose to stick with using a lanyard primarily because it would keep their necessities just in front of them, making them easy to find and use when needed.

Most importantly, a lanyard with proper use makes it difficult for a person to lose the things suspended by it. The proper use of a lanyard depends on what type it is and what type of things it can do.

LanyardsThere are different kinds of lanyards each having its own appropriate use, examples being for small electronics, a card holder, a safety strap or even by just being a simple accessory to be worn by anyone. Small electronics or gadgets such as cellphones are commonly brought by people wherever they go, whether for communication purposes or for entertainment.

Commonly, these gadgets are kept through a person’s pockets or bags, which are vulnerable spots especially for very skilled pickpockets, vulnerable even to unintentional losses due to misguided attention of the owner. The difference a gadget lanyard makes is that it is worn either around the person’s neck or wrist, making it easy for the person to monitor his or her gadget and also be able to access them easily and immediately, significantly reducing the chances of losses or stealing.

Another type of lanyard is the card holder, which use is not that different from that of a gadget lanyard, since both are worn either around the neck or wrist. The difference is that the card holder is obviously used for clipping on different kinds of cards such as identification cards. Putting an identification card on a lanyard is quite important because this makes the card easy to be seen by people, especially authorities of the company or school the owner belongs in.

The rope-like cords people see wrapped around a lineman or some hikers are called safety lanyards. These are different from the standard lanyard because a lanyard of this type is much thicker, bigger and obviously more durable as it supports a human being.

A safety lanyard acts like a miniature version of a harness, but is still reliable to be used for safety purposes as it prevents a person from tumbling down the hill or falling down from a high place. An accessory lanyard, on the other hand, has no other definite use rather than just for attraction and for hanging unto things. These are like pieces of jewelry, worn to beautify a person. This type is commonly seen as thosewith colorful designs, even with logos and other styles.

The purposefulness of lanyards is truly undeniable, as each and every type of these has its own use, making the owner either safer, or more at ease knowing that his or her valuables are just in sight and at easy access. Due to their cheapness for their quality and purposefulness, they are continually supported by people, some even preferring them over expensive harnesses and high quality bags. People who are looking for a cheap way to keep themselves or their belongings safe definitely must try and acquire a lanyard.

January 23, 2015

Hiring A Professional SEO Company Could Very Well Change The Game For Your Site

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Millions of people are dealing with a huge drop in leverage online. They have a website that they’ve worked on in the past and they have published content and seen marginal success overall. You may be one of the many people that have put a lot of faith into updating a blog or any other type of website, only to see yourself gaining steam in a lot of areas, then a big drop off. The reason why many see a drop-off today is because search engines aren’t listing sites in the same way that they once were. In the past you would find sites were getting pushed through no matter what they did in terms of marketing. However, today, you are going to have to follow a strict code of optimization and marketing if you want to see any sort of favoritism hit your page.

SEORanking within search engines today is harder than ever before. You’re going to find that you will end up dealing with a wide variety of issues overall. Ranking within the top 10 of any major website today is going to be harder than ever, especially when you start to look at the way that search engines have published their algorithms. The algorithmic push forward is definitely going to cause you a great deal of headache, and it’s simply because no one knows what it is.

Right now, no one knows how any major search engine is ranking sites. They have an idea, but search engine companies are not giving away the code or showing anyone what you have to do to get to the number one spot. Some marketers claim that to get to the top, you have to win some sort of internet popularity contest and election, but that’s ludicrous. In order to make gains, you’ll want to hire a professional SEO company that is going to help you build market share that will not only be fluid, but will allow you to make serious moves forward.

If you’re thinking about hiring a professional grade solution, you will want to see how they work within marketing channels to get you a lot of attent

January 20, 2015